Access to water, sanitation and hygiene remains an essential part of an integrated approach to development
More than 65,000 village water, sanitation and hygiene committees have been formed across Bangladesh giving the community an independent role to manage their own services. We have established water safety plans, installed deep tube wells, tested water quality and provided loans for tube well platform construction, which protects water sources from being contaminated. Arsenic and saline-prone areas are prioritized where alternative water technologies are implemented.
Active since 2006 we’ve ensured that 39 million people have access to a hygienic latrine and 2.3 million people have access to a safe water source, many of whom live in hard to reach areas. There has been a reduction in open defecation in Bangladesh from 34 per cent in 1990 to 1 per cent in 2015.
[tabby title=”WASH Committees”]
BRAC takes a group approach to inspire positive behaviour change around proper water, sanitation and hygiene practices. Across Bangladesh, BRAC has helped set up more than 65,000 village WASH committees, giving each community an independent role in their development. Committee members are trained to be community leaders and to assess the existing water and sanitation situation of their village and identify issues. Each committee is made up of 11 members – six women and five men – and has the mandate to assess the existing water and sanitation situation in the village and identify issues. Committee members are given leadership training and are responsible for identifying ultra-poor households that need additional support.
[tabby title=”Access to Clean Water”]
Access to Clean Water
To increase access to safe water, BRAC establishes water safety plans, installs deep tube wells, tests water quality and provides loans to construct tube well platforms which protect water from contamination. BRAC prioritizes arsenic and saline-prone areas, where it provides alternative water technologies such as arsenic removal filters, pond sand filters and piped water supply systems.
[tabby title=”Sanitation & Hygiene”]
Sanitation & Hygiene
To increase access to toilets, BRAC provides both technical assistance to ensure proper design and site selection, and loans for those who cannot afford to pay. Two-pit latrine construction materials, including superstructures and mini water tanks, are offered to ultra poor families free of cost. BRAC cluster meetings create awareness about the use of safe water, sanitary latrines and good hygiene practices.
Bringing WASH to Schools
Through student WASH committees, BRAC has been supporting peer-to-peer education to help the poorest children in Dhaka and Chittagong learn about safe water, sanitation and hygiene practices. Watch this video to learn more.
BRAC’s oral therapy extension programme in Bangladesh teaches poor, often illiterate mothers, in rural communities how to make oral rehydration solution (ORS), a simple but lifesaving water-salt-sugar solution for children with diarrhea. Since 1980, BRAC has been instrumental in developing ORS training methods, and has trained over 12 million women and saved countless lives. Read more
Islands of hope
We work to improve sanitation in the haors, or wetlands, of Bangladesh by constructing floating latrines that rise when it floods. In addition, we are piloting our integrated development programme which can bring a holistic set of services including health, education and livelihood training, to these vulnerable communities. Read more
Pond sand filters
Pond sand filters are an effective low-cost option for areas where high salinity is a problem and climate change is causing sea levels to rise. We construct pond sand filters, with the capacity to serve 50-60 families. The filters require regular maintenance and cleaning, all of which involve money and labour. A water management committee oversees each pond sand filter, encouraging participation from the community to help keep the filters functioning. Read more